Apr. 23, 2017

yarrow, Achillea millefolium

Plants used by Indians are common and widespread. None fit that description better than yarrow. It is native in all of North America, and just about everywhere else in the northern boreal and temperate zones. It has been introduced to the southern hemisphere. Everywhere it grows it has been used as medicine. There are 377 items about yarrow in the Native American Ethnobotany Database. Perhaps most commonly, it was used to stop bleeding, hence its common names of sanguinary and woundwort. The flower heads shown here are not much more than 1/8 inch. As you can see, the actual individual flowers are tiny. But the inflorescence is several inches across, so it meets the showy criteria for memorable medicinal plants. Lenawee Co MI, 6/9/13