Oct. 13, 2017
Indianpipe, Monotropa uniflora
Indianpipes are parasites - on parasites. They fasten their roots into the roots of fungus. The fungus in turn grows into the roots of trees. All this enable Indianpipes to grow in the darkest recesses of the forest. They are also called ghost pipes or, much less appealingly, corpse plants. The flowers nod to keep their pollen dry. After fertilization, the stems straighten up, holding the seed heads erect. Plants with widely separate places that they grow are said to have disjunct distribution. Indianpipe is a disjunct champion. Indianpipes grow in Asia, northern South America, the Udmurtiya region in European Russia, and in North America they are native to every state and province except AZ, CO, NM, NV, SD, UT, WY, NT, NU, YT, and Greenland. Lenawee Co MI, 7/7/13.