Here's a shot from the last garden encounter. Wafer ash is also called hoptree. Early settlers from Germany used it as a substitute for true hops. That's surprising because we have native hops that are more widespread, and if anything more common. The practice did not persist, so one must assume these aren't as good. Both fruits are dry flat things with papery margins to carry them in the wind. Too bad the whole practice hasn't died out. Experiments have shown that young people who have not experienced alcohol find it very distasteful. Social pressures change that. So to digress, in my social work career I figure I played a role in taking around 2000 kids away from parents who's problems included alcohol. And we still drink the stuff?!
And at 8:11 we have a winner! Thanks Denise. Wafer ash is a host for giant swallowtail butterflies. Let's grow wafer ash and butterflies! And another winner at 9:55, mentioning the several native American uses as medicine. Thanks, Anne. The Native American Ethnobotany database also mentions making poison for hunting and fishing from the leaves, and nibbling on the fruit.